Coconut water is a very refreshing drink to beat tropical summer thirst. Its liquid is packed with simple sugars, electrolytes, and minerals to replenish dehydration condi-tions inside the human body.
1. Research studies suggest that cytokinins (e.g., kinetin and trans-zeatin) in coconut water found to have significant anti-ageing, anti-carcinogenic, and anti-thrombotic (anti-clot formation) effects.
2. Coconut water has been generally offered to patients with diarrhoea in many tropic regions to replace the fluid loss from the gastrointestinal tract and to reduce the need for hospitalisation. The osmolality of tender coconut water is slightly greater than that of WHO recommended ORS (Oral Rehydration Therapy) solution. Presence of other bio-logical constituents like amino acids, enzymes, minerals, and fatty acids may account for this higher osmolality. Nonetheless, unlike WHO-ORS, its water is very low in sodium and chlorides, but rich in sugars and amino acids. This well-balanced fluid composition, along with much-needed calories, would be an ideal drink instead of any other kind of soft drink beverages available in the markets to correct dehydration conditions.
3. Coconut water is composed of many naturally occurring bioactive enzymes such as acid phosphatase, catalase, dehydrogenase, diastase, peroxidase, RNA-polymerases etc. In effect, these enzymes help in the digestion and metabolism.
4. Despite being very light in consistency, its water proportionately has better composition of minerals like calcium, iron, manganese, magnesium, and zinc than some of the fruit juices like oranges. (Compare the mineral composition of oranges).
5. Its liquid is also a very good source of B-complex vitamins such as riboflavin, niacin, thi-amin, pyridoxine, and folates. These vitamins are essential in the sense that the human body requires them from external sources to replenish.
6. Coconut water carries a very good amount of electrolyte potassium. 100 ml of water has 250 mg of potassium and 105 mg of sodium. Together, these electrolytes help re-plenish electrolyte deficiency in the body due to diarrhoea (loose stools).
7. Further, fresh coconut water has a small amount of vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid); it provides about 2.4 mg or 4% of RDA. Vitamin C is a water-soluble ant-oxidant.